Bangladesh Country Profile

Official Name :

People's Republic of Bangladesh

Form of Government

Parliamentary Form of Government

Head of State


Head of Government

Prime Minister

Geographical Location

In South Asia: between 20 degree 34 and 26 degree 38 North Latitude and between 88 degree 01 and 92 degree 41 East Longitude Consists of mostly flat fertile alluvial land.


North: India (West Bengal & Meghalaya), West: India (West Bengal), East: India, (Tripura & Assam) and Myanmar, South: Bay of Bengal


147,570 sq km (56,977 sq miles) (Territorial water- 12 nautical miles)

Capital City

Dhaka (Metropolitan Area 522 sq. kms.)

Standard Time

GMT +6 hours


Tropical; Mild Winter (October to March); Hot, Humid Summer (March to June); Humid- Warm Rainy Monsoon (June to October)     


1194 mm to 3454 mm (June- August)


159.9 million (2015-16 Projected)

Life expectancy

69.4 years (men), 72.0 years (women), 70.9 (Both)

Per Capita GDP

US $ 1385

Internet domain


International dialing code


Land boundaries

Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Myanmar 193 km, India 4,053 km)

Highest peak

Keokradong (Bandarban Hill District) 1,230 m

Labor force

by occupation: agriculture: 45.1%, industry: 20.08%, services: 34.01% 

Literacy Rate

63.6% (HIES 2015) 


95 percent Bengali, 5 percent other dialects. English is widely understood and spoken. 


Muslim (88.3%), Hindu (10.5%), Buddhist (0.6%), Christian (0.3%) and Animists and believers in tribal faiths (0.3%). 


Rice, bread, fruits, vegetables, pulses, fish, meat and potato 


Taka (BDT) 

Principal Industries 

Jute, Tea, Textiles, Ready Made Garments (RMG), Paper, Newsprint, Fertilizer, Leather and Leather Goods, Sugar, Cement, Fish processing, Pharmaceuticals, Chemical Industries, Plastic and Ceramics. 

Major Trading Partners 

USA, EU countries, India, China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, UAE etc. 

Traditional Export Goods 

Raw Jute, Jute Goods, Tea, Leather, and Leather Products etc. 

Non-traditional Exports 

Ready-made garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Other Fish products, Jute Carpet, Shoes and other leather goods, Newsprint, Paper, Naphtha, Furnace Oil, Urea, Fruits & Vegetables, Cut Flower, Handicrafts, Jewelries. 

Principal Imports 

Petroleum products, Food Grains, Oil Seeds, Crude Petroleum, Fertilizer, Cement Clinker, Staple Fibers, Yarn, Fabrics, Iron, & Steel, Capital Machineries, Automobiles etc. 

International Airports 

Dhaka International Airport, Dhaka, Shah Amanat International Airport, Chittagong and Osmani International Airport, Sylhet. 

Domestic Airports 

Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Cox's Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi, Jessore, Barisal and Ishwardi. 

Domestic Airlines 

Public Sector: Bangladesh Biman, Private Sector: GMG Airlines, Best Air, Royal Bengal and United Airways (BD.) Ltd. 

Sea Ports 

Chittagong and Mongla 

Inland River Ports 

Dhaka, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Bhairab, Naryanganj, Sirajganj. 

Land Ports 

Benapol, Teknaf, Banglabandha, Sonamasjid, Hili, Darshana, Birol, Burimari, Tamabil, Haluaghat, Akhaura, Bibirbazar and Bhomra. 

Radio Broadcast Station 

Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Sylhet, Comilla, Rangamati and Thakurgaon. 

TV Broadcast 

Dhaka, Natore, Chittagong, Brahmanbaria, Patuakhali, Noakhali Bangladesh Television, Chanel I, ATN Bangla, NTV etc. 


The Daily Star, The Financial Express, New Age, Prothom alo, Jugantor, Ittefaq, Inquilab etc are some prominent dailies. 

News Agency 

Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS), UNB, etc. 

Satellite Station 

Betbunia and Talibabad 

Tourist Season 

October to March 

Exports - partners 

USA 18.17%, Germany 14.57%, UK 11.13%, France 5.41%, Belgium 2.97%, Italy 4.05%, Canada 3.25%, Netherlands 2.47% 

Imports - partners 

China 29.57%, India 13.37%, Singapore 5.25%, Japan 4.84%, Malaysia 3.87%, Korea Rep. of 3.32%, Hong Kong 19.3%, USA 2.64% 


Railways: 2,877 km, Roadways: total: 21,302 km, Waterways: 24,000 km (Navigable 5968)


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